Wearing Leather:

Mr. CMEN Leather 2015 Rick with runner up Randy after sashes were presentedBeyond the sensual masculine appeal of leather, wearing leather boots, accessories and gear is an expression of ones identity with the leather community.

The gay male leather culture began to emerge in the late 1940’s out of the post-WWII biker culture. Motorcycle events provided a way for interested gay men to meet each other at a time when being gay was still considered a crime in most countries, punishable by years in prison or even execution.

The 1953 outlaw biker film The Wild One, starring Marlon Brando, played on pop-cultural fascination with the July 1947 Hollister “riot” and promoted an image of jeans and leather jacket wearing masculine independence. Photographs published by English photographer Tom Nicoll and drawings published by Tom of Finland beginning in the mid-1950’s helped to further define the image of gay biker leathermen.

leather theme social hour

Leather gear generally continues to follow the image of the post-WWII biker culture, with influence from military uniforms, law enforcement uniforms and the old west. Leather gear for motorcyclists has continued to be readily available since the 1940’s, leather gear provides protection. In the earliest years leather gear could be either black or dark brown following original service uniform leather, black quickly emerged as the most popular color of leather boots and gear worn in the emerging gay leather community.

Protocols developed during the 1950’s, helping leathermen express their identity with the leather community, develop interpersonal connections and establish the social order within the leather community. The emerging protocol also defined how masters/sirs and boys/submissives dress in leather settings helping leathermen express their identity and identify like minded men. Someone who didn’t dress following the protocol was commonly perceived as an outsider. Protocol and traditions often varied somewhat by region. A common leather tradition was for leathers to be earned one piece a time as a rite of passage as one gained experience and knowledge.

As the gay leather community grew, leather specialty shops began to create and sell leather fetish gear for a more specific kinky nature. One of the first was The Leathermaker which opened on Melrose in Los Angeles in 1960. Today leather shops are available on most major U. S. cities, some also sell online. Leather garments purchased in a store can be tried on, altered where needed or custom made to ensure it fits correctly. Leather quality varies, shops offering custom made goods typically use the best quality leather.

Leather gear gradually evolved beginning in the mid-1970’s and continuing through subsequent decades, influenced by a growing sense of freedom, emerging national and international leather community events and publications such as Drummer Magazine.


Wesco Jobmaster Leather Work BootPlain black leather motorcycle boots are the foundation of leather gear. Boots are considered essential, even if you are otherwise naked.

There are two general categories of boots:

  • Lace-up motorcycle or work boots such as logger boots, linesman boots, military boots or law enforcement boots are the most versatile can be worn with or without full length pants.
  • Pull on motorcycle boots such as harness boots, patrol boots or engineer boots are best worn with full length pants. Patrol boots or engineer boots are ideal with leather uniforms. In some parts of the country black cowboy boots are also worn.

Wesco Boss 12 in. Engineer BootsBoots can be oil-tanned with a matte finish, or smooth-finished with a polished satin or a glossy finish. Oil-tanned leather has a distinctive natural look and feel, and is exceptionally durable. It is water, stain, and perspiration resistant and is popular with motorcycle riders and workers. Smooth-finished leather has a polished surface that showcases its beauty and quality popular with uniform and formal wear, however, it requires more care and attention to maintain. All boots should be kept clean, conditioned and polished as appropriate for the leather, information on leather care is available from most boot manufactures and can also be found at the bottom of this page.  Bootblacks are available at some leather bars and events to clean, shine and care for boots for a small fee.

Popular boot manufactures include:  Wesco, Dehner, Danner, White’s, Carolina, Red WingAll American, Dr. Martens and Wolverine. These manufactures all offer black leather work or motorcycle boots as described above, most offer high quality boots made in the United States or United Kingdom. Boots can be purchased from local retail stores where they can be tried on to ensure a correct fit, or from on-line retailers (keep in mind that sizes may vary between manufactures).

Casual leather attire or gear:

Casual leather is typically worn at leather bars, festivals, club events and other informal activities. Some guys wear the leather basics as daily casual wear. Casual leather typically includes the following basics:

  • The Wild One released in 1953A black leather motorcycle jacket is also a basic in colder weather. The movie The Wild One, featured Marlon Brando perched on his motorcycle wearing his Schott Perfecto® motorcycle jacket, boots and jeans in 1953, helped establish the style standard among men adopting a leather look and lifestyle.
  • A black leather vest might replace a jacket in warmer weather, open “bar vests’ which don’t completely cover the chest are generally preferred, although biker vests which close can also be worn. The back side of a vest is traditionally reserved for a leather community title-holder patch, or a leather/motorcycle club member patch.
  • A plain or basket weave black leather belt is also a basic (assuming pants are being worn).
  • In the U. S. classic blue (or black) denim jeans, such as Levi’s® 501® jeans, are commonly worn for casual wear, traditionally jeans were in good repair and not faded. During the mid-1970 faded snug fitting jeans became popular in both the leather and general gay men’s community and continue to be popular.  In Europe leather pants are typically worn, leather pants have become more popular in the U. S. in recent years.  Leather shorts are also an option for casual wear.  Traditionally a jock can be worn underneath if needed, but not underwear.
  • A leather harness has become a popular optional part of leather gear in more recent years, may be worn when one isn’t wearing a shirt. Harnesses including chain are also an option. Shirtless is typically a popular option in bars and at casual events. Harnesses are also functional for leather play. Traditionally chest or upper body only harnesses were preferred by Dominants, harnesses which extended below the waist were most commonly worn by submissives. Today newer style harnesses, such as a bulldog harness, may be worn by both.
  • A t-shirt or tank-top may be worn when a shirt is desired or required.  Following traditional protocol solid black or gray are preferred for dominants, white is preferred for submissives, black is also an option for submissives. Today, however, solid color, club or event t-shirts are commonly worn, uniform colors join black, gray and white and may be worn by anyone.  A denim work shirt is as an alternative for casual wear.
  • Smell and feel natural always avoid wearing cologne at leather bars or events, guys enjoy the natural smell of leather and men.  Cologne is not part of the leather image and can damage leather.  Deodorant is also discouraged, some event hosts specify no deodorant in the announcements. Guys prefer to shower first and be clean and smell natural. The Leathermaker opened in 1960, sadly is no longer open Some guys believe they need deodorant when not otherwise prohibited, if worn, stick with an unscented natural deodorant used sparingly so it isn’t noticeable.  Some deodorants may also damage leather.

Casual leather gear may also include:

  • a leather jock or T-back, worn when one isn’t wearing pants.
  • leather chaps, typically worn over blue jeans but can alternatively be worn with a leather jock or T-back (chaps designed primarily for bar and leather community event wear are typically more form fitting than those designed for motorcycle wear).
  • a leather or cotton-poly utility kilt may be worn as an alternative to pants or jeans.
  • a leather cap may also be worn, styles include Muir caps (in some traditions Muir caps are only worn by Dominants), military style caps, law enforcement style caps and baseball style caps. In some parts of the country western style hats may also be worn.

Accessories can be worn to further define identity and interests:

  • Keys, a leather armband or a leather wrist band worn on the left signify a man who identifies himself as a Dominant or Top, and on the right by a man who identifies himself as a submissive or bottom.
  • A color handkerchief may be worn, typically in a back pocket, to express more specific interests following a hanky code, following the same left Dominant, right submissive practice.
  • Specific fetish items may be worn to indicate an interest in a specific fetish following the same left Dominant, right submissive practice, for example wearing handcuffs could express an interest in bondage, a puppy hood would expresses an interest in puppy play, or a flogger could express an interest in flogging.
  • A collar may be presented to and worn by a submissive in a BDSM relationship to symbolize their status.

Formal leather attire:

Formal leather attire typically follows the style of a traditional military or law enforcement uniform, including:

  • a leather uniform shirt (black or in uniform colors);
  • leather pants or breeches;
  • a Muir Cap (in some traditions these were only worn by Dominants) or other uniform style leather cap;
  • leather law enforcement or Sam Browne belt;
  • a leather military or law enforcement style jacket;
  • a leather kilt may be worn as an alternative to pants or jeans following Scottish, Irish, English or Roman military traditions;
  • leather gloves and a leather tie are typically optional.

A special event may may require formal leather or other specific attire. Ask the host ahead of time if you aren’t sure what is appropriate.

Leather Care:

Leather deserves proper care. It is best to hang up leather when you aren’t wearing it. After wearing leather garments and accessories let them hang out where air will circulate around them for a day to ensure they aren’t damp.

To take care or your leathers periodically clean and condition your leather using a conditioner designed specifically for the type of leather you select. Dirt and light stains can be cleaned for most smooth finished leather gear with a damp cloth with warm water, a pH-balanced leather cleaner can be used for a deeper level of cleaning. After cleaning allow the leather to dry at room temperature then apply a leather conditioner. Leather conditioners are designed to replenish the oils for finished leather products and help prevent leather from drying or cracking. Leather retail shops are a great source of information on caring for your specific leather items. For more thorough cleaning, most larger cities have professional cleaners that specialize in cleaning leather garments.

Commonly recommended products for leather garments and accessories include Lexol Leather Cleaner, Lexol Leather Conditioner, Bicmore BICK4 Leather Conditioner, Cadillac Boot & Shoe Leather Lotion, Carnauba Cream, Kiwi Leather Conditioner or Lotion, and Pecard Leather Dressing.

Leather Boot Care:

Leather boots require consistent attention to protect and lengthen the life of the boots, most boot manufactures provide recommendations on boot care.  Leather boot care typically involves 3 steps:

  1. Cleaning – involves dirt and dust removal, it is best to avoid leaving mud on boots for any length of time, it draws out all the natural oils and fat, robbing the leather of strength.  A nylon brush may be used to help remove any dirt and mud.  Follow up using a damp cloth with warm water to remove any remaining dirt or mud.
    • If deeper cleaning is required a pH-balanced leather cleaner such as Lexol Leather Cleaner is recommended.  Wipe the boots off with a clean dry cloth and allow the boots to dry at room temperature after cleaning, do not use any direct heat.  Unscented bar soap or saddle soap can be used occasionally for deep cleaning if needed, however, soaps are high pH alkaline which can damage leather, remove leather’s tanning agents and lead to hardening and cracking as the leather is detanned; allow to dry at room temperature overnight then follow up any soap cleaning with a damp cloth the next morning to help remove remaining residue.
    • If needed, the inside of your boots can be cleaned with a combination of warm water and baking soda, do not rinse, wipe with a clean dry cloth and allow to dry at room temperature.
  2. Conditioning – helps preserve the finish and life of your footwear by replenish the oils and helping prevent leather from drying or cracking. A conditioner should always be applied after a leather cleaner or soap product has been used.  The type of conditioner to use depends on the type of leather the boots are made of:
    • For smooth-finished “polished” leather boots apply a boot cream or boot lotion with a clean, soft cloth, let dry for a few minutes, then shine the boot by brushing or buffing with a soft horse-hair brush or cotton shine cloth. Commonly recommended products include Cadillac Boot & Shoe Leather Lotion (which cleans, conditions and protects), Lincoln Shoe Polish (for polishing boots) and the conditioners and creams listed above for general leather care.
    • For oil-tan leather boots apply a boot oil or leather conditioner. Commonly recommended products include Huberd’s Shoe Oil, Huberd’s Shoe Grease, and Wesco Bee Oil.
    • Boot manufactures may list preferred products on their website, local boot retailers and experienced bootblacks can also provide information for specific kinds of boots.
  3. Protecting – if you wear your boots in severely wet conditions it is helpful to finish with a leather protector which prevents water, salt and other elements from penetrating the surface where they can be wiped away instead of soaking into the leather’s pores and fibers, boot manufactures may list preferred products on their website.

Cedar boot trees are specifically designed to fill the heel and lower leg portion of your boots when not in use to maintain the correct shape of your boot and absorb moisture from daily wear.

Getting Started:

Stick with the basics when starting to visit leather bars and attend leather community events.  It is best to be honest and start out slowly.  Black leather boots should be the fist leather purchased, lace up boots offer the most versatility, 8 to 10 inch tall lace up boots are the most commonly worn in the leather community.  It is best to purchase boots that you can try on first at a local store to ensure the correct fit, as sizes do vary.  If your only option is to purchase online ensure that the purchaser accepts exchanges and returns.  Purchase the best quality leather boots you can comfortably afford.  Add a black leather belt to your blue (or black) denim jeans and you should fit right in. A leather harness has also become a popular optional basic purchase for wear when not wearing a shirt.

Remember that in traditional leather culture leathers were typically earned one piece a time as a rite of passage, it is best to treat your next purchase with the same respect.

While not endorsed by CMEN, a partial list of leather shops is provided for your convenience.  Some local leather clubs hold leather swap meats which present an opportunity to purchase used leather gear at a fraction of the price of new leather gear.  Thrift stores can also be source of used leather motorcycle jackets, boots and other items.

Additional Information:

Trust, Honor and Respect

Information on this page is from the Leather 101 workshop at the West Coast Gathering, September 2018, presented by Rick B. Mr CMEN Leather 2015.
Information on this page is provided for educational purposes and does not imply endorsement by CMEN. Please note that CMEN does not control the content of linked web sites, the organizations who own these web sites accept sole responsibility for their content.